VICTOR HARA – Singer OF LOVING CHILE
This Chilean was destined to become not only a famous singer, poet and musician, but also the most iconic victim of the Augusto Pinochet regime. Victor Hara adhered to political leftist convictions and became a prisoner of a concentration camp organized by the Pinochet junta for supporters of the country’s lawful president, Salvador Allende. The popularity of Viktor Hara during his lifetime was simply fantastic, and after his death he became a symbol of resistance to the military regime in his homeland. In the New World of that time, his fame, creativity and influence on the masses were comparable only with the popularity of Ernesto Che Guevara and Fidel Castro.
Victor Hara Martinez was born on September 28, 1932 in the small Chilean town of Chillan Viejo. His parents were incilinos – peasants who labored in the fields of large landowners. Father singer Viktor Harai, mother went to work from dawn, but hard work still did not bring a decent income to the family. There was only enough money for food and the most necessary clothes. Victor’s father often applied to the bottle, and this did not affect the atmosphere in the family in the best way.
Time passed, and Victor began to more clearly indicate the sphere of his interests – music settled in his soul. The village teacher who rented a room in their house introduced Victor to the guitar, taught him how to play chords and dipped into songwriting. It was this man who became the thread that connected Victor Haru with the richest world of Latin American folk culture.
In his quest for knowledge, Victor Hara was similar to his mother. Despite the peasant life, she was literate and did everything so that her children became educated. Contrary to the will of her father, she sent them to school because the singer Viktor Haraobra did not want to condemn them to the life of farm laborers. Victor quickly became one of the most capable students, although most of all he liked to participate in the skits that the students played after classes. But the boy had to say goodbye to this school. A cauldron of boiling water fell on his older sister, and she was sent for treatment in Santiago. Mother took the children and went with them to the capital closer to her sick daughter. There she managed to get a cook in a cheap restaurant and send her children to school, although they still helped her to earn money. Over time, the family accumulated enough funds to open a small pub for workers. In the next house there was a wine shop, where the aspiring musician Omar Pulgar often performed. After a village teacher, he became Victor’s second mentor in the world of music.
The way from the accountant to the musician
After school, the guy went to school to master the profession of accountant. But this craft quickly bored him, Victor was drawn more and more to friends who played guitars Victor Harai sang. After the death of his mother from a stroke, he had to leave school to earn a living. He was apprenticed to a furniture workshop, and in 1950, Victor Hara decided to go to seminary to become a priest. The young man sincerely believed that in this work he would understand himself and would always help people. But two years later, he changed his mind to follow the path of a priest. The reason was commonplace – Hara did not want to give up relationships with women for life.
He was drafted into the army, where he served in the infantry school, and after demobilization, Victor got a job as an ambulance ambulance. Then he was taken to the university choir, with whose members he went to the north of the country on a creative expedition in search of musical folklore. And so his career began.
Victor Hara – a man with a guitar
He understood that amateur performances were not his way and entered the theater school at the University of Chile in 1956 to become a professional artist. There he was able to show his outstanding creative talents and became a member of the circle of intellectuals and artists, curated by the famous poet Pablo Neruda. It was for Hara that he became one of the main ideological inspirers.
As a student, Victor often performed songs right on the street to earn extra money. He was sure that any art is not capable of developing, being torn off from the people. Victor Hara With the folk group “Kunkumen” he recorded a collection of folk songs, which brought him his first serious success. Gradually, Victor switched from interpretations of folk works to songwriting. He dedicated them to his idols who fought for freedom – Che Guevara, Salvador Allende and Ho Chi Minh. These works quickly scattered not only in Chile, but also in other countries of Latin America. And the concerts of Victor Hara in small music bars brought him fame and status as one of the most popular Chilean singers. Now they began to call him “a man with a guitar.”