UKRAINIAN NECKLACE DMITRY GNATYUK
The voice of the legendary Ukrainian opera singer Dmitry Gnatyuk was heard in the best theaters in the world, so without exaggeration we can say that the whole planet applauded him. And he always and everywhere gave people his talent, through songs he spoke of love for the land, culture, language and never even allowed the thought that he could leave Ukraine. His work is a whole era in which the songs “About a rushnyk”, “Two colors”, “Cheremshina”, “You don’t like Yak, Kiev Miy” and many others sounded.
All the flowers of the world
They say about his life that the kilometers of all the tour routes of Dmitry Gnatyuk would be enough to get to the Moon, all the flowers donated to him for 70 years of creativity would not fit on the football field, and publications from the world press devoted to the performances of the outstanding opera singer would be not one solid volume. With tears in his eyes, he was listened to by all the leaders of the USSR, and peasants in clubs, and the foreign public. A simple Bukovinian guy managed to win their hearts, regardless of any status and nationality. It is distinguished by that amazing combination of aristocracy and simplicity, which makes the audience more beautiful and noble.
In the church choir
Dmitry Mikhailovich said that he was not of this world. He was born into an ordinary peasant family in the village of Mamaevtsy in Bukovina on March 28, 1925, when that region was under Romanian rule. The father of the future star of the opera scene was an invalid of the First World War, where the singer Dmitry Gnatyuk lost his leg, and for the rest of his life walked with a wooden prosthesis. He earned great respect and authority in the village, was elected church elder, but had nothing to do with art.
Dmitry was one of six children in the family, from childhood he was accustomed to work and responsibility, his father often left his son at home for the eldest when he left for Chernivtsi on business. Dmitry already felt such a strong need for singing, as all people feel thirsty. He had to get plenty of music to drink in order to take up work with a pure heart. The boy closed himself in an annex near the stable and dragged on his favorite songs. And then at the age of 8 he got into the church choir. He was incredibly lucky. The choir was led by a young father Miroslav, who had a musical education and recognized his talent in time. The priest taught Dmitry musical literacy.
Family tragedy of Dmitry Gnatyuk
Even without knowing the words “director” and “directing”, young Dmitry organized a group of amateur performances at the school and himself staged the play “Svatannya na Goncharivtsі”. True, the premiere took place in the barn, because there was no club in Mamaevtsy. The hay was taken out of the barn, they made a platform instead of a stage, several rugs served as decorations, and in the middle was an impromptu auditorium. Despite such scarcity of the situation, the success of the play was huge. singer Dmitry Gnatyuk At the regional amateur olympiad, this performance was highly appreciated, they even planned to send it to Kiev for viewing, but then World War II broke out.
Even before it began, a great sorrow happened in the family of Dmitry Gnatyuk. The fact is that his elder brother Ivan studied at the Higher Marine School in Constanta. He had unique abilities, he knew several European languages and had great prospects. In the summer of 1940, Ivan arrived in his native village for the holidays. Then it was still Romania, and when it was time to return back to study, Bukovina was annexed to the Soviet Union and arranged the border. There he was told to return to Chernivtsi and take a pass. In the regional center, he fell into the dungeons of the NKVD, where he was accused of espionage, tortured, broken his spine, and then shot. The family received a certificate stating that Ivan was missing. Mother and father until the last days did not know what happened to their son. Dmitry Gnatyuk himself learned about this many years later, when he met a friend who worked in the archive and helped to unearth the truth about the fate of his brother.
Gaining a voice
Dmitry Mikhailovich also visited the war. From the beginning of hostilities he was sent to teacher training courses, then he was repairing schools in villages as part of the brigade, and when singer Dmitry Gnatyuksoldaty with disabilities began to return to Mamaevtsy, he went to the military commissariat and asked to the front. He was sent to Poland, where he soon fell under the bombing. Only a few managed to survive, Dmitry himself survived due to the fact that seven dead soldiers fell on him and covered him with himself. And when the bodies were taken for burial, they found a living Hnatyuk. He was sent to a hospital, and then to Nizhny Tagil to a tank factory evacuated from Ukraine. It was there that Dmitry opened his voice after the shell shock. He gathered a choir of 500 people who wanted more, but the club did not accommodate everyone. The guys worked hard all week, and sang on weekends. Soon they were found out in the entire Sverdlovsk region and began to be invited on tour.
On May 9, 1945, the choir gave a concert in honor of Victory Day, and then the director of the Design Bureau of the tank factory approached Dmitry Gnatyuk and offered to select the best guys, promising to demobilize them and send them to study.