VLADIMIR VYSOTSKY – GUY FROM TAGANKA
The whole scale of Vladimir Vysotsky’s talent is difficult or even almost impossible to convey in simple phrases. The significance of his personality in the history of culture of the 20th century is as unlimited as his soul was deep.
He was lucky, most of the contemporaries of Vladimir Semenovich understood his work and adored the poet himself, the performer of the author’s song and actor. He is the idol of the past century, whose art is vibrant and relevant.
From the intelligentsia
Vladimir Vysotsky was born on Tatyana’s day – January 25, 1938 in Moscow. His family was not ordinary and average. My paternal grandfather was also called Vladimir Semenovich, although at birth he was given the name Wolf Shliomovich. He was from Brest, then moved to Kiev, received three higher education – economic, legal and chemical. And the grandmother – Deborah Bronstein – worked as a beautician and did not cherish a soul in her grandson. She was a passionate fan of his work.
Vladimir Vysotsky’s father was born in Kiev, became a military communications officer, singer Vladimir Vysotsky fought in World War II, rose to colonel and became an honorary citizen of the cities of Prague and Kladno. No less educated and intelligent was the mother of Vladimir. Nina Maksimovna graduated from the Institute of Foreign Languages, then worked as a translator-referent for the German language. When the war began, she was transferred to the transcription bureau of the Main Directorate of Geodesy and Cartography of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs.
On the Big Carriage
Vladimir spent several war years with his mother in evacuation in the Orenburg region, but he already went to school in Moscow, in the year of victory. Unfortunately, it so happened that Vysotsky’s parents divorced. His father lived in Germany, where he was left in the service, where he also took Volodya for a couple of hungry post-war years. The boy had a great relationship with his father’s new wife. He called Evgeny Stepanovna “mother Zhenya”. Under her close attention, Vysotsky began to learn to play the piano. In 1949, Vladimir returned to Moscow and went to school on Bolshoi Karetny Lane, which he later immortalized in his song, called Bolshoi Karetny.
Craving for art
Vysotsky was carried away by the theater in his school years, he went to drama classes under the guidance of the Moscow Art Theater actor Vladimir Bogomolov, but the singer Vladimir Vysotsky, after final exams, listened to his parents and entered the Moscow Civil Engineering Institute. Fortunately, after the first semester, he realized that this was not his path and left the university.
One of the many stories connected with this decision, only true or fictitious, is already difficult to figure out. Before the winter session, Vladimir Vysotsky and his friend Igor Kokhanovsky prepared the necessary drawings. They were completed at night, but Vladimir suddenly took the mascara and poured it on his labors, announcing that he would now try to enter a theater university.
The doors to him were opened by the Moscow Art Theater School, where he studied with the famous Boris Vershilov, Pavel Massalsky and Alexander Komissarov. Already in 1959, Vysotsky played his first theatrical role in the student’s “Crime and Punishment”, and soon there was a debut on the screen in an episodic role in the film “Peers”.
“Thieves” songs by Vladimir Vysotsky
Having received a diploma from the Moscow Art Theater School, Vladimir came to serve in the Pushkin Theater in Moscow, singer Vladimir Vysotsky worked for only a couple of months in the theater of miniatures, unsuccessfully tried to get into the Sovremennik, after which he went to the theater, which became his “forever” for him. It was the newly opened Moscow Drama and Comedy Theater. When he came to join Yuri Lyubimov, he asked what he would read to the theater director. Vysotsky, without undue modesty, said that he had recently written several songs and would like to perform them. Lyubimov set out to finish the interview in five minutes, but could not break away from Vysotsky’s work for an hour and a half.
Vladimir began to write poetry in his school years. Then the reason for the first test of the pen was the death of Stalin. With his poetic singer Vladimir Vysotsky, the young Vysotsky decided to express his feeling of grief for the leader of the peoples. His first song is considered to be “Tattoo”, which he composed in the summer of 1961. She also became the basis of the cycle of “thieves” topics. Then he signed them with the pseudonym Sergey Kuleshov.
But those who seriously studied his work, argue that it was not “Tattoo” that became the first song of Vladimir Vysotsky. The year before, he wrote the composition “49 Days,” which he dedicated to the feat of soldiers who drifted and survived in the Pacific Ocean. The author’s attitude to this song is also known. Vysotsky spoke very critically about her and called him a handbook for beginners and finished hacks, alluding to the fact that poems can be created on this template for any pressing topics, replacing only the names of the characters.
Not form, but content
Vladimir Vysotsky wrote 100 poems and about 600 songs. He created several songs especially for films. Unfortunately, most of these works, both for singer Vladimir Vysotsky and technical reasons, and because of bureaucratic pressure, did not come out.